New Job

For the past 3 years I’ve been working at Cisco in what we call the SLED vertical.  SLED = State Government, Local Government, K-12, and Higher Education.  I have nothing but positive things to say about the entire experience.  Its been very different than what I’ve been doing for the previous 10 years.  The people were awesome and I am so happy I was able to meet and have such good experiences with them.

Previous to taking this job at Cisco my day to day activities for the last 10 years was more on the bleeding edge: Scientific applications running on Linux, Open Source, KVM & large scale out distributed systems.  These last 3 years gave me exposure to VMware & Microsoft in the Enterprise.  While they are not necessarily my favorite platforms to work on, it has really helped me understand them a lot better.  I’ve also been able to learn a ton about Cisco enterprise products:  Specifically UCS and Nexus.  This has been great to be known as an expert in these fields. And those products I do like working on simply because: “They work”.  What you don’t know I’m an expert?  Ok, well, I can at least open a TAC case for you.

Like Nancy, I am “Overjoyed”

Starting in the next few weeks I’ll be transitioning to be working with the Cisco Cloud & Managed Services Organization.  I am beyond thrilled to be working in this space.  Or in the words of Fancy Nancy:  Overjoyed.  (Yeah, I have a kindergartner that we’re reading these now).  My goal is to help transform Cisco into the type of company that people look to when they are trying accelerate application delivery.  Specifically:  How to do better Hybrid IT.

I’m looking forward to doing a lot more DevOps and get back to my programming roots.  So you’ll see a lot more of that on this blog.

Currently, I’m reading a book called Lean Enterprise.  I think it should be required reading for those that work in a large organization.

Buy this book now and read it. Then start questioning everything your boss tells you to do.

 

One of the things that struck home was this quote:

“Whenever you hear of a new IT project starting up with a large budget, teams of tens or hundreds of people, and a timeline of many months before something actually gets shipped, you can expect the project will go over time and budget and not deliver the expected value”

This quote struck me especially because when I read it I started thinking about this announcement.  So that’s the warning.  Its not as if Cisco is alone in trying to to transition to the next big IT movement.  HP, Dell, and IBM are all trying to do it.  I think Cisco can be successful in this if they can do one simple thing: Deliver outcomes that customers want.

I’ve taken my mission to do this with two easy mantras:

1.  Develop solutions that customers want.

Lean Enterprise talks about how decisions are largely made by the HiPPO (Highest Paid Persons Opinion).  I’m a fan a analytics and trying things out.  See how they work and moving on quickly.  I am hopeful Cisco can continue to develop this practice.  I’ve seen it already with the Project Squared initiative that was received rather well.  I’m a fan!  I hope to see more like this from our cloud organization.

I have been very vocal about certain products and asking for use cases to make sure they are the kind of things I would want if I were trying to run a business.  I hope to continue that.

2.  Develop solutions in the open.

Instead of keeping all this back behind the Cisco curtain I want to push our company to develop everything they do in the open where people can see.  Docker networking sucks?  Security is immature?  Perhaps we should create a framework that maturates it.  Get a Mean Viable Product out there with as least amount of work as possible.  If it works, expand it: See if we can support Rocket too.  Make this open source, let our customers use it.  If it provides value, move forward, if not scrap it.  Facebook’s ‘break things’ and move fast mentality applies here.  But unlike Facebook, I’m hoping our outcomes actually do better things than waste people’s time with clickbait with captions like “You won’t believe what happens next”.

I’ve been influenced a lot by the talks and discussions I heard at Dockercon.  One that resonated is that middleware should be open and free.  We server a greater purpose, get bigger buy-in, and move faster if people can try it for free.  That’s not something a ‘software only’ company would like to hear.  But if your company is focused on outcomes then it makes perfect sense.  An outcomes company not only makes its money with support and services but with a platform people can build upon.

Looking forward to some fun times ahead!

Oh, PS, I had to share the best UCS Presentation I’ve ever seen.  You won’t believe what happens next.

 

iOS: bounds vs. frames

I got totally hosed this week trying to add a subview to a UITableViewCell.  The cool thing is that I learned a lot.

I created a custom UITableViewCell that called FeedCommentTableViewCell class.  Below is the working code:

A few lessons learned:

1.  initWithStyle is called only when the cell is created and thus will be used multiple times.  So I set the frame to zero realizing that this cell will dynamically change in size based on a function I wrote in the UITableViewController subclass.

2.  Based on experiments suggested by this post, I learned that tableview:CellForRowAtIndexPath will get called first and at the very last layoutSubviews will be called as the cell is displayed.  This is the place to set the size of the subviews based on the size of the cell.

3.  I was setting my (commentLabel in the example above) subview’s frame based on the cell’s frame (self.frame).  This was a no-no.

Expanding on number 3.

Let’s say my layoutSubviews method wanted the commentLabel to be the same size as the cell itself.  I originally did something like the following:

This would render the first cell perfect, but as I scrolled and scrolled back up I saw problems.  You see, self.contentView.frame is the coordinates of the cell in the parent view’s coordinate system.  We want to assign the frame of the commentLabel to be set to the coordinates based cell’s subview itself.  Simply moving this to something like:

Adds this subview into the coordinate system of the contentView, which is what we want!

Now I’m sure Autolayout and using Storyboards make this easier, but I’ve found that for more complex UITableViewCells, laying it out in code seems to be a lot easier to debug.

Moving on to the rest of the project now that that bug is under my belt!

Docker, Micro Services, and Sound Bites

At DockerCon EU there was a panel discussion on the future of micro services.  There were some very good insights there that I wanted to capture as well as some things I took away from it:

Most of this is from Adrian Cockcroft.  He has really emerged as a visionary in the open source DevOps world largely based on his work at Netflix. (Fun fact or name dropping moment: When Adrian worked at eBay and I was at IBM we worked together on a GPFS project, and he was the one who introduced me to LinkedIn)

Adrian and the panel basically said that all middleware or infrastructure management should be open source and only the SaaS based applications are things people will pay for.  I wholeheartedly agree with this.   There are two arguments that really stood out to make this point:

1.  The days where a company can work in NDA mode for 12 months on a project and then come out with a product for infrastructure management is too slow.  By that time an Open Source project has gone through 5 iterations and has more functionality.

2.  People become suspicious of projects like middleware that require a huge investment of time to become knowledgeable on.  Why would I want to gain skills on your proprietary middleware suite that may be inferior to something that is open source?  Open Source skills are more transferrable than a proprietary system.

I think the next hotness to emerge (that is already emerging) is a way to manage micro services running in your data center, whether that be a private or public cloud.  This will do more than just manage your docker containers.  There will be networking functionality and application queuing schedulers.  At present there seems to be two good solutions:

1.  AWS, as they have already started with their Docker Schedule.  This is still pretty remedial, but don’t count AWS out.

2.  An open source project.

There will undoubtedly be proprietary solutions.  I could see VMware deciding they need to manage docker containers in vSphere or something, and that could be nice for them.  But I think these solutions will fail.  The one that will emerge will be an open source tool championed by a community of very smart people.

Projects I see arising this year are things like Kubernetes, Panamax, Swarm, etc.  These are all ways to manage containers and have a huge head start on any enterprise projects.  I would love nothing better for a large company, like my employer, to spend time and develop tools like this for networking in an open source model.  Something that is completely open, but backed by a big company that can support it.

One big epiphany I had while watching the panel is that micro services brings the infrastructure management closer to the application side of the house, furthering blur the lines between infrastructure and developers. We’ve talked about how the lines are blurring between storage, compute, and networking, but we should also understand that these lines are being blurred between development and infrastructure:  This is what DevOps is.

A few more notes from Adrian’s “State of the Art in Microservices” talk.  I’ve quoted them below, but I’m actually paraphrasing it then I have a few comments by it:

“Cloud is API driven infrastructure.  Whether public or private, it needs to have APIs.  Its not just about self service interfaces.  It needs to have APIs.”

Too often in my own company we show the self-service interface of things like UCS Director or OpenStack but fail to show how it will help our infrastructure friends sell it internally to the application teams.  APIs are one way we can do a better job of presenting it.  The problem is that APIs just aren’t sexy unless you are a developer trying to get an environment.  Then you want nothing other than that API so you don’t have to deal with the people that want to keep the environment up and static.

“DevOps is a Re-Org. Not just create a new team and buy a copy of Chef.”

From the book “The Phoenix Project” and in real life we see that a DevOps team is successful when it takes the brightest of each organization and charters them to work with each other.

“With micro services, we treat each internal team like they are an external team.  We don’t need to know the details of the other micro services details, we only need to know the APIs and how we can communicate with them.”

“As we’ve moved towards Continuous integration: Cost and size of change has been reduced while the rate of change has increased.  This can amount towards massive disruption.”

I have one colleague I know who is doing this at his company.  This company he is in is largely static and does things the old way:  1 week to code, 2 days to build and so forth.  Doing several builds a day has caused his team to really stand out and disrupt their current status quo.  There are far reaching benefits to this and people have taken notice in a big way.

“IT transition: static machine, virtual machine, containers, AWS lambda.  AWS lambda is firing up a container and running it to do one request.”

“Architectural diagrams with simple 3-tier architectures are dead.  Architectural diagrams are now the ‘Death Star’ diagram.  This means that there are a ton of micro services talking to each other.”

Adrian talked about Netflix, Guilt, and Hailo’s architecture.  These were very good to see how enterprises are moving to this quick model.

This year in 2015 I expect most enterprises should have at least their development team use Docker intensely.  I’m using it in my applications and I already see the benefits. I can’t wait to see what happens the rest of the year!

UCS Performance Manager

Today I deployed UCS Performance Manager.  At first glance It appears to be a customized version of Zenoss with all the UCS goodies built into it so you can graph and trend over time the different metrics made available by the UCS API.  Therefore there is no agents that need to be installed.  I’m a big fan of agentless management tools.

There are two editions.  The first is the full edition (UCS-PM-IE) that allows you to monitor Cisco switches, Storage, and Hypervisors.  There is also an entry level license (UCS-PM-EE) that is just UCS.  The licensing model is “per-server”.  The UCS only license is about 1/3 the cost the price of the full edition.

The servers must be managed by UCS Manager.  Stand alone servers are not supported at this time.  (So use the UCS Integrated Management Controller Supervisor instead).  The reason for this I’m guessing is because UCS Performance Manager talks to UCS Manager and hasn’t been expanded to talk directly to the CIMC, though I could see that changing.

Installation

UCS Performance Manager comes packaged as an OVA file.  You can download it directly from Cisco’s website.  You’ll need a free eval license to run it to try it out, so talk to your Cisco account manager to get one of these licenses.

Deployment is easy, as its just an ova.  Once the system boots up you can login to the console to configure the IP address that you want to use.

The default login is root / zenoss.  You’ll have to change the password immediately upon logging in, so even if you use DHCP, please don’t forget to do this step!

Screen Shot 2015-01-06 at 11.00.38 AM

Once you set up the network, the time, and all that good stuff, you can go into the system and start configuring it.  I rebooted mine first, then started the configuration process.

Screen Shot 2015-01-06 at 11.08.23 AM

Open a web browser to the URL you see on the console.  you get in you’ll see a screen that guides you through the setup.  Pretty easy just entering in all the fields.

Screen Shot 2015-01-06 at 8.29.31 AMIn my case I made it to step 2 and realized I didn’t have the product key.  When I went back and actually had the key, my session logged me out!  I tried a few passwords and realized that the admin password was just zenoss.

After adding a few devices and changing some passwords I get a nice view of the environment

Screen Shot 2015-01-06 at 11.20.04 AM

The rest of the time is just clicking and viewing performance metrics of different devices.  I find this to be a good place to look for network traffic.  If you are familiar with rrdtool then you’ll recognize where these graphs come from.  Still, its very functional.

Another cool spot is the topology view

Screen Shot 2015-01-06 at 11.44.21 AM

I can see that I have a problem with my SAN connection pretty quickly.

All in all, UCS Performance manager is a pretty good piece of equipment that I wouldn’t hesitate to add to any UCS purchase I was making.  Its pretty inexpensive and can help you understand your applications a bit better.  It’s also worth mentioning this can run on Hyper-V.

 

UCS Invicta iSCSI to VMware ESX

I have a 12TB UCS Invicta appliance in my lab I thought I’d try out.  The interface wasn’t as intuitive as I would have preferred, but the nice thing about it is that its simple and pretty easy to use once you get the feel of it.

Invicta Configuration

Create a LUN

Navigate to the LUN configuration and click Create LUN on the top.  I’m just going to do a 100GB LUN for fun.  I called my lun3

Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 3.56.35 PM

 

Initiator Group Configuration

I already have an Initiator group I call esx.  This is all my ESX servers that share the LUNs.  When I first saw this interface I didn’t know what to do.  It turns out that some of the links you can right click on to get details.

Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 4.00.53 PM

Here I say Add Initiator and will plug in my ESX initiator.  The problem is, I haven’t defined on on my ESX server yet.  So let’s do that then come back.

ESX iSCSI configuration

Clicking on the host inside the Configuration tab, we first click on Storage Adapters.  Under Add in the top right we can add a new Software iSCSI initiator.

Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 4.05.32 PMNow that we have an iSCSI Adapter, we need to connect it to a physical interface.  Usually with iSCSI we have a separate vmkernel interface that we can use.

Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 4.06.54 PM

Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 4.07.10 PM

Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 4.07.26 PMScreen Shot 2015-01-05 at 4.07.44 PMScreen Shot 2015-01-05 at 4.07.54 PM After you do this you typically create another one for iSCSI-B to give it network redundancy.  We’ll omit this here as we’re just showing the basic idea.

Now, go back to the Storage Adapters menu and we’ll attach this interface to our software initiator.

Click on the iSCSI initiator and select properties on the detail screen on the bottom.  On the network configuration tab, select the iSCSI adapter.

Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 4.15.07 PM

In the dynamic discovery tab, we add the UCS Invicta:

Screen Shot 2015-01-06 at 8.24.27 AM

Closing this window, it will rescan the devices and you’ll be disappointed to see that the Invicta LUN we created will not be shown.  This is because we didn’t add the iSCSI LUN to our initiator group.

At this point as a quick sanity check, I usually ssh into the box at this point and make sure I can ping the UCS Invicta appliance.  If that doesn’t work then you’re not going to get much farther.

Finishing off the Connection

Now we go back to the Invicta Appliance and add our LUN into the initiator group.  Right click on the initiator group you have (or create a new one) and then select ‘Add Initiator’

Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 4.19.38 PM

 

The next screen you fill in the Initiator that you see on the vCenter screen under Storage Adapters.  Mine was iqn.1998-01.com.vmware:esx04-1e63ab9d

Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 4.20.10 PMAfter adding you should see it in the list of initiators.

Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 4.20.36 PM

Right clicking on the Initiator group again will allow us to add the LUN to this group.

Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 4.24.37 PM

On this screen we drag and drop the LUN from the bottom to the top.  This to me is why the interface isn’t that intuitive.  Sometimes you right click, sometimes you drag and drop.  Once you drop it in place you can pick the LUN ID.

Screen Shot 2015-01-05 at 4.26.47 PMGoing back to the vCenter console we can now rescan the interfaces.

Right click the iSCSI software adapter and do a rescan.  Your LUNs should be up now!

 

 

 

2014 year in review

2014 was huge for me.  I hope it was a great year for you too.  A few highlights:

  • In July, I achieved the CCIE Datacenter certification.  This came after 4 failed attempts on the written exam and one previous failure on the lab exam.  More information on that is here.
  • In November, I finally got a working OpenStack implementation based on Ubuntu 14.04 with the Juno release working in my lab.  I previously had tried to install OpenStack by hand several times and failed.  I’d been successful with RDO and packstack, but that doesn’t really count because that’s just scripting magic.  I had presented at a Utah summit on OpenStack and I am convinced of its viability in the datacenter.  I hope to have a lot more to do with OpenStack in 2015.
  • I finally got around to figuring out AWS.  I had played a little with it before, but I totally immersed myself in it.  I scripted, designed and even took a full week class on it.  I’m amazed by its simplicity and how far ahead it is in front of every near competitor.  Wow.  I also took a look at Digital Ocean and became pretty fluent in creating droplets, scripting, and automating all the things.
  • Docker was a huge wake up call to me to get back into this business.  I saw the benefits of Docker immediately and was hooked.  I started deploying on my MacBook and have since worked on migrating my apps to build on Docker.
  • Application Development was a huge goal of mine this year.  Several apps were updated, including UCS TechSpecs after a big redesign and improving application performance and disk space usage.  The one I’m most excited about is an app I’ve really been working on called Transparent Diet (for now).  This is like an Instagram of Food app that helps people make good decisions with what they eat.  The things I’ve learned by developing this app have been incredible:  Full functioning API, setting up a scalable backend on AWS with ELB, containers, database migration strategies, beta testers, business cases, etc.  Seriously my favorite pastime of 2014.

Predictions for 2015.  (Please note, these are my own opinions)

  • I did nothing to increase my knowledge on VMware.  I actually tried to stay away from it.  Its not that I don’t think it has a future, I think its actually a great company and is still easier to use than anything else.  Here’s the thing: Long term Apps will be SaaS based.  That’s the end game maybe 50 years from now.  We’re already seeing most of it how people can just buy apps as a service (Netflix, Salesforce, etc).  As those migrations are made, apps migrate towards distributed cattle models instead of the pets that VMware is so good at supporting.  As those Apps migrate there won’t be as much use case for the features VMware ESXi provides.  So 2015 will see Hyper-V catch up to ESXi in terms of adoption.  But its not all bad for VMware.  NSX will probably get more traction but so will ACI and so will the basic SDN provided by Neutron in the OpenStack project.  Back to the bad news: VCAC or vRealize will be renamed into another service that people don’t want. vCloud Air will also fail to gain any traction.  More good:  Horizon will gain more traction because 2015 is the year of the virtual desktop.
  • Dinosaur companies that sell hardware will finally wake up and understand how much AWS has disrupted their business.  They’re talking about it and in many meetings I’m in, people (not just my company but others) have no clue as to what AWS can do for a startup.  They know its cheap (in some cases), but they don’t know what’s compelling about it. (Think: application services like RDS, DynamoDB).  AWS is pushing hard to get into the Enterprise.  That’s where they want to get the real money.  But it will be more difficult for them.
  • Backup as a service goes more mainstream and more people start to use DRaaS.  Many already are, but this is the low hanging fruit and a cheap and easy one to offload.
  • Container wars get serious.  Docker and Rocket from CoreOS is the tip of the iceberg.  We’ll see more orchestration tools (Challengers to Kubernetes) and perhaps more packaging APIs.  Container networking solutions will become more mature and there will be a battle in that space as well.
  • Bitcoin doubles in value.  Today its sitting at $316.  In 2015 it will get back to $600

My Goals for 2015

  • I’ll release my application Transparent Diet to the world in March.  It will be free and I hope to get that out to at least 500 people.
  • I will be blogging more about the Transparent Diet architecture as I blog more on cloud services and how to architect applications on AWS.  I also will show how to do parts on another platform.  This other platform will be something like Digital Ocean, OpenStack, or some other public cloud provider.
  • I’ll be working with my kids to develop game applications.  I’d like to teach them how to write real code.  They’ve done code.org and some others, but its time to get serious.  We’re going to build several games with the swift programming language.
  • I hope to contribute more to open source projects.  I helped this past week on an Xcode library I’ve been using.  I’ll be filling my github account with more good things.
  • I look forward to architecting more private cloud solutions

What are your goals?  Predictions?  The nice thing about tech predictions is that none remembers if you were wrong or if you made any predictions at all.  Its a pretty safe thing to say I will most likely be wildly wrong.

Here’s to a great 2015!

Blocking IP addresses from your server

My friend Shadd gave me a list of URLs that I should try to block so that I could allow comments back on this blog.  Back in November, my site was down because I was getting spammed like crazy.  I’m not sure this is the best approach, because I don’t want to alienate half the world from my site.  But its worth a shot.  Also, with all this talk about North Korean hackers and stuff, we could all revisit our security settings to see how we’re doing.

These commands work on CentOS.

iptables

First, copied the list into a text file called bad_ips.  Then run this script:

The first grep in that command gets rid of lines with comments while the egrep gets rid of blank lines.

Then you can do

service iptables save

Looking in the /etc/sysconfig/iptables file you’ll see all those IP addresses are now blocked.

This isn’t the end all solution.  There’s no reason a spammer couldn’t spin up an AWS instance on sovereign Oregon soil and hit me even closer.  But this should be a good start.

Rails API Testing or “You’ve been doing it wrong”

For the last several years I’ve been developing Ruby on Rails applications.  Nothing fancy, and most of them just failed projects that didn’t go anywhere.  During all this time I’ve trolled documentation on testing the app, saying “That would be nice to do one day”, but I’ve finally had enough and I want to change my evil ways. I’m going to start writing test cases with my applications.

To start with, I’m testing my API.  I didn’t even know where to start.  I watched a Railscasts episode where the legendary Ryan Bates talks about how he tests.  There were some great comments in there about all these additional plugins.  It seemed pretty overwhelming to me at first and there was quite a learning curve.  So I wanted to write some of this down in case there was someone out there like me who was going to start down the path of correcting the error of there ways before 2015 hits.

Basic Rails Testing

The first thing to check was the guide.  Rails has great documentation!

I ran:

Just to see if I would get any output.  After all, Ruby generates this for you automatically right?  Low and behold I got a failure!

Well, first I was missing the test environment, so I put that in the config/database.yml.  Easy problem to solve!

Next, my welcome controller gave me errors:

Ok, I already like this.  Looks like I need to intiate my test database?

Turns out that Devise is the culprit.  A quick trip to StackOverflow solves the problem.  I fixed it like they said. Then I ran into another one with Devise that I added to my test/test_helper.rb file.   Its so nice to go over roads that other people have traveled!

Running my test:

And I finally got tests to work!  Yay!  It looks like I’m doing it right.

From here, I looked to test other API calls, but all the documentation said that I should probably start looking at rspec.  Apparently, that’s how the cool kids are doing it.  (Or were doing it at some point when they wrote how to do it).  So after running rake test, that was the last testing I did with the distributed rails testing.

RSpec

This is the latest hotness in testing that I could find in my research.  Pretty much everybody seems to be using it.  I edited my Gemfile and added rspec-rails.  I also finally started grouping things so I wouldn’t install these unnecessary gems on my production servers.  Spoiler alert:  My completed Gemfile looks like the below:

As you can see, I added a few more gems after rspec-rails, but I’ll get into those in a second.

After doing bundle install I ran:

Now to test we run

bundle exec rspec

Ok, no tests to do yet!  Now to get to work!

Factory Girl & FFaker and other setup

The next step was to put Factory Girl.  Once again, Ryan Bates explains why Factory Girl is preferred over Fixtures.  I went back and added that to my Gemfile along with ffaker because I saw some cool things in that gem.  (The one thing not cool about ffaker was the documentation, but the code was easy enough to read.

Next, I modified config/application as specified in this blog entry.

I also had to add these modules into the rest of the environment.  I changed the spec/rails_helper.rb to have the below.  Everything else stayed the same:

Then I added the directory:

mkdir spec/support

I added the file  spec/support/devise.rb

as well as the file  spec/support/factory_girl.rb

That has all my extra libraries used for my tests.

Lastly, I setup the test database

rake db:test:prepare

A basic Tests

Now to set up some tests.  I thought it best to start off simple with a static page:

rails g rspec:controller welcome

This is the root of the homepage.  Following the documentation, I added some simple tests for the welcome page:

I ran bundle exec rspec  and it worked.  (Though not at first, as I had to figure out how to configure everything like I set up above. )

Testing User Model

rails generate rspec:model user

Since I already have a user model.  The list of spec modules to add are listed here.

Since we have a model we are testing, we need to generate the fixture for it.  Here’s how I made it work with my Devise implementation:

spec/factories/user.rb

The part that was most important that stumped me for a while was not putting the { } around Faker::Internet.email.  Since my tests tests for unique emails, it kept failing.  Putting the {} around Faker::Internet.email made sure it was unique on each call.

There’s a lot of documentation on cleaning up the database by using the database_cleaner gem.  I’m not using it right now.  ffaker generates all kinds of new things for me, so I don’t worry about it.  I suppose that the database would need to be initialized though from time to time.

This could be accomplished with:

Next I added the user model test

spec/models/user_spec.rb

This uses the shoulda-matches gem quite heavily and seems to be a good start to testing my user model.  Unit test check!

 Testing the API Controller

Next, I wanted to check the API for when users authenticate.  The way my API works (and the way I assume most work this way) is that the user will send a username (or email) and password and from that the application will send back an API token.  This makes subsequent calls stateless.  So I’ll test my session login  controller:

rails g rspec:controller api/v1/sessions

 I was happy to see it created  spec/controllers/api/v1/sessions_controller_spec.rb  just like how I have my API!

Here’s the first version of my working sessions_controller_spec.rb file:

Running this test:

Wow!  I feel like a real hipster programmer now!  Testing!

More Tests

This is just the beginning.  I am now a convert and subscribe to the theory that you should spend about half of your time writing test cases.  It pays off in the long run.  I have more to go, but from now on with each line of code I write I’ll be writing test cases.  It seems that I still have a lot of catching up to do with the current system.

 

 

 

Boot2Docker with Cisco AnyConnect

Boot2Docker is an OS X app used to create a virtual environment for docker.  Docker only runs on Linux, so Boot2Docker installs a VM on your mac (using virtual box) and a client that runs locally to communicate with the VM.

I downloaded this and followed instructions.  You basically just install it with a few clicks.  Once installed, boot2docker will be in your application folder.  You click on it and it in the applications folder and you are ready to go.  It kicks off its own terminal window.  Since I use iTerm2, I just start it like so:

boot2docker up

This will give you a few environment variables to export:

This starts up a VM and Docker daemon that can be used to work with docker.

Once this was up, I ran: docker run hello-world . This gave me a friendly message that everything was up. So, following its suggestion, I ran docker run -it --rm ubuntu bash . This took a bit longer to finish as it had to download the ubuntu image.  Subsequent launches take less than a second.

There is another project called KiteMatic I dabbled with, but was happy enough with Boot2Docker that I didn’t bother pursuing  it.

Cisco AnyConnect VPN problem:

There is an issue with using boot2docker and Cisco AnyConnect VPN.  Basically its this:  You can’t run any docker commands because AnyConnect doesn’t allow any split tunneling.

What’s worse, is that after terminating a VPC session with AnyConnect (disconnecting), I have to reestablish a static route so that I can talk to boot2docker again:

To get around this the fix is to route your docker calls through your localhost.  That way, regardless of whether you are connected to the VPN or on an island somewhere (or both) you can still connect.

1. Start from scratch

boot2docker delete

2.  Create new boot2docker image

boot2docker init

3.  Edit VirtualBox and edit settings for NAT.

Screen Shot 2014-12-12 at 11.05.41 AM

Select ‘Port Forwarding’

4.  Add the Docker port forwarding.

Screen Shot 2014-12-12 at 11.08.04 AM

Click ok and exit VirtualBox.

5. Start up the Docker VM

 6.  Export localhost:

 7.  Drawbacks and Caveats

Now you have exposed Docker to the world.  For any service that you put on there, like when you launch docker -p 80:80, you’ll have to go into virtual box and map 80 to 80 so that it shows up.  Not the greatest solution, but at least it works!

Credits: boot2docker github tracker @jchauncey and @nickmarden. Thanks guys!!!

 

iOS icon size generator

One of the things you run into while developing iOS applications is that you need several different icon sizes for the various devices.  For an iOS 8 iPhone application, you need at least 4 different sizes: 58pt, 80pt, 120pt, and 180pt.  Not to mention the main icon size for the app store.  If you develop a Universal App for the iPad there’s even more!

I’m sure there are tons of things people use to do this but I thought I’d throw my own solution in the mix as well.

I use ImageMagick with a python script I wrote.  I like it because its quick and easy.  Plus, if you are developing in Ruby on Rails and need something like CarrierWave to upload images, you’ll already have ImageMagick installed.

Here’s how it works:

1.  Install ImageMagick

brew install imagemagick

2.  Use my python script

 Run the Python Script

With your original sized icon in the same directory as this script run the script.  Here’s my output example.  The file I put in the directory is called icon2@1024.png.

As you can see, it generated all the image sizes you would need for your asset images.